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| December 12, 2018

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Racist Christmas Tree ‘Ornaments’ Get Cops Put on Leave

December 3, 2018 |

Two Minneapolis police officers are on leave due to their ill-advised Christmas ornament choices. A photo of the Fourth Precinct’s Christmas tree made headlines after being shared on social media last week; the tree was decorated with items including a Newport cigarette pack, a can of Steel Reserve malt liquor,…

Goldman Sachs vice president alleges gender discrimination after losing job while on maternity leave

November 20, 2018 |

Two years ago, Tania Mirchandani, a Goldman Sachs Group Inc. vice president in Los Angeles, told her boss she was pregnant with her third child. He was skeptical she could balance a large family with her demanding job, she recalled. That’s “a lot of mouths to feed,” she quoted him as saying.


L.A. Times – Business

Millennial men leave a perplexing hole in the hot U.S. job market

November 2, 2018 |

Nathan Butcher is 25 and, like many men his age, he isn’t working.

Weary of long days making minimum wage, he quit his job in a pizzeria in June. He wants new employment but won’t take a gig he’ll hate. So for now, the Pittsburgh native and father of young children is living with his mother and…

L.A. Times – Business

Northern Ireland’s Stormy Past Haunts U.K. Efforts to Leave EU

November 2, 2018 |

Conflicting views in Northern Ireland over the region’s ties to the U.K. complicate Brexit negotiators’ efforts to avoid establishing a physical border on the island. What’s News Europe


Saudi allows Khashoggi’s son to leave for US

October 26, 2018 |

The son of murdered journalist Jamal Khashoggi has left Saudi Arabia, a source close to the family told CNN. Salah bin Jamal Khashoggi, a dual US-Saudi citizen, had previously been unable to leave Saudi Arabia after his passport was restricted by the kingdom some months ago. – RSS Channel – World

Wells Fargo places two top execs on leave in continued fallout from unauthorized-accounts scandal

October 25, 2018 |

Wells Fargo & Co. just can’t shake its unauthorized-accounts scandal.

The San Francisco bank said its chief administrative officer, Hope Hardison, and chief auditor, David Julian, will be placed on leave and removed from the firm’s operating committee amid regulatory investigations into the bank’s…

L.A. Times – Business

California regulators boost fees charged when customers leave traditional utilities

October 12, 2018 |

The California Public Utilities Commission approved an increase in exit fees charged to customers who buy electricity from government-run community choice programs rather than traditional utilities such as Southern California Edison and San Diego Gas & Electric.

After reviewing two competing exit…

L.A. Times – Business

Gregg Jarrett: Jeff Sessions and Rod Rosenstein should leave their top Justice Department jobs soon

October 12, 2018 |

Attorney General Jeff Sessions and Deputy Rod Rosenstein should lose their jobs because of enormous harm they’ve caused.
FOX News

Tweet calling to ‘kill Kavanaugh’ gets Minnesota teacher put on paid leave, report says

October 9, 2018 |

A special education teacher in Minnesota was placed on paid administration Monday for an alleged tweet that seemed to encourage the killing of U.S. Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh, The Star Tribune reported.
FOX News

Vague Laws Leave Crypto Users Confused in Almost Half of the US

September 25, 2018 |

In Nearly Half of the US, Crypto Users Unsure if They’re Breaking Laws

Justin Wales and Arnaldo Rego, lawyers at Carlton Fields, have surveyed all 50 states in the US, looking for clarity on money transmitting laws as they relate to cryptocurrencies. As adoption and general usage increases, states appear to be failing to keep up, leaving many enthusiasts to wonder if they’re committing a crime.

Also read: Square’s Big Week: Crypto Patent, Shares Leap, and Lightning Plug

In Nearly Half of the US, Crypto Enthusiasts Cannot be Sure of the Law

Of 50 US states, 12 have been judged “unclear” in terms of money laundering laws and how they relate to cryptocurrency. That’s significant due to the way enthusiasts have been prosecuted in the United States by regulators. Legal researchers from the law firm Carlton Fields examined all 50 states, and Washington, DC with regard to cryptocurrency law.

In Nearly Half of the US, Crypto Users Unsure if They’re Breaking Laws

A tad better than “Unclear,” 11 additional states were deemed “likely not applicable to cryptocurrencies” in their money laundering laws, making a combined half of the country a decidedly risky place for those who exchange regular amounts.  

“There was a time when it made a lot of sense for states to regulate money transmission,” legal researchers note in their examination, “or the business of transferring funds, currency, or other substitutes of money. In a pre-digital economy, almost all money transmitter businesses had to be physically located in the state where they offered payment or financial services for its residents, such as facilitating the payment of electric bills or exchanging currencies before a trip.”


Digital currencies are almost by definition borderless, zapped around pocket to pocket through smartphones, laptops, desktops, tablets without thought about jurisdiction. Indeed, researchers underscore how “in the crypto era, state-by-state money transmitter rules just make things more complicated. There is no clarity about whether a company issuing a token, operating a wallet or facilitating crypto to crypto or crypto to fiat transactions needs a license in every state in which it could theoretically operate.”

In Nearly Half of the US, Crypto Users Unsure if They’re Breaking Laws

Take, for example, the state of Michigan. It has been categorized as “unclear” for crypto users by Mr. Wales and Mr. Rego, and an anecdotal survey of news coverage seems to confirm that analysis. Just this month, in fact, these pages reported on the SEC action against Tokenlot, a Michigan-based outfit, touting itself as an “ICO superstore.”

The resolution of the case reads rather unsatisfying: “Without admitting or denying the SEC’s findings, Tokenlot, Kugel, and Lewitt consented to the SEC’s order and agreed to pay $ 471,000 in disgorgement plus $ 7,929 in interest, and they will retain an independent third party to destroy Tokenlot’s remaining inventory of digital assets,” according to Steven Peikin of its Enforcement Division.

The Wolverine State is a Prime Case in Point

Back in late 2017, another Michigander, Bradley Anthony Stetkiw, ran afoul of federal law while using P2P exchange The SEC accused the man of “buying, selling and brokering ‘deals for hundreds of thousands of dollars in bitcoin while failing to comply with money transmitting business registration requirements set forth in Title 31, United States Code, Section 5330,’” these pages also documented.

Readers could be excused, then, for placing Michigan into the column of states openly hostile to decentralized digital money. Not so fast. The state ranks in the top ten in terms of crypto usage (8th), and in its largest city, Detroit, “a bunch of cryptocurrency-based automated teller machines…are popping up in great number in liquor stores, gas stations, and cash-checking locations.” Go figure.

In Nearly Half of the US, Crypto Users Unsure if They’re Breaking Laws

Complicating matters more, researchers also explain, “Today money transmitter businesses often have to apply for separate licenses within the states they operate, in addition to registering as a ‘Money Service Business’” with federal regulators. “This has made the cost of offering money transmission services across the country incredibly expensive and time-consuming. Though the cost and difficulty of obtaining a license varies by state, as of August 2018 every state except Montana requires at least some money service businesses to obtain a money transmitter license to lawfully operate.”

For Americans, “it’s not always clear how decentralized payment networks or the issuance of digital assets implicate existing regulations. Some states, for better (Wyoming) or worse (New York), have explicitly amended legislation to address digital assets, but for every clear piece of legislative guidance, there are many jurisdictions that leave entrepreneurs –  and in some cases, digital currency users – in the dark,” they warn.

Do you think clearer guidance is needed on crypto usage? Let us know in the comments below. 

Images courtesy of Shutterstock, Longhash.

At there’s a bunch of free helpful services. For instance, have you seen our Tools page? You can even look up the exchange rate for a transaction in the past. Or calculate the value of your current holdings. Or create a paper wallet. And much more.

The post Vague Laws Leave Crypto Users Confused in Almost Half of the US appeared first on Bitcoin News.

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